State & Federal Water Laws
Safe Drinking Water Act
The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) is the main federal law that ensures the quality of Americans' drinking water.Under SDWA, EPA sets standards for drinking water quality and oversees the states, localities, and water suppliers who implement those standards. (Source: http://water.epa.gov/lawsregs/lawsguidance/index.cfm).
Clean Water Act
The Clean Water Act (CWA) is the cornerstone of surface water quality protection in the United States. (The Act does not deal directly with groundwater nor with water quantity issues.) The statute employs a variety of regulatory and non-regulatory tools to reduce direct pollutant discharges into waterways, finance municipal wastewater treatment facilities, and manage polluted runoff. These tools are employed to achieve the broader goal of restoring and maintaining the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's waters so that they can support "the protection and propagation of fish, shellfish, and wildlife and recreation in and on the water." (Source: http://water.epa.gov/lawsregs/lawsguidance/index.cfm).
Endangered Species Act
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) provides a program for the conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals and the habitats in which they are found. The lead federal agencies for implementing ESA are the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the U.S.National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries Service. Federal agencies are directed, under section 7(a)(1) of the ESA, to utilize their authorities to carry out programs for the conservation of threatened and endangered species. Thus,Federal agencies must consult with NOAA Fisheries Service and/or FWS, Under section 7(a)(2) of the ESA, on activities that may affect a listed species. (Source: http://water.epa.gov/lawsregs/lawsguidance/index.cfm)
Additional Federal Regulatory Information
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